Did you know that according to a recent survey, only 15% of self-employed individuals in India have a retirement plan? Retirement planning is often overlooked by self-employed individuals who don’t have access to a company-sponsored retirement plan. However, it’s crucial to plan for retirement, as self-employed individuals don’t have the security of a regular paycheck and may face unique challenges in retirement. For example, a study by the National Sample Survey Organisation found that 45% of self-employed individuals in India were aged 50 or above, highlighting the need for retirement planning.

Let us discuss the basics of retirement planning for self-employed individuals in the Indian scenario, including tips for investing, tax implications, and post-retirement income sources:

1. Start Early

The earlier you start planning for retirement, the better. The power of compounding means that even small contributions made regularly can grow significantly over time. Starting early gives you more time to save and invest, which means that you can build a more substantial retirement corpus.

2. Set Retirement Goals

Before you start investing for retirement, it’s essential to have a clear idea of your retirement goals. How much money do you need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement? What age do you want to retire? Having a clear idea of your retirement goals will help you plan your investments better.

3. Invest Regularly

Investing regularly is one of the most effective ways to build a retirement corpus. Set up a recurring investment plan and invest a fixed amount every month. This approach ensures that you invest regularly, regardless of market conditions.

4. Consider Different Investment Options

There are several investment options available for retirement planning, including mutual funds, fixed deposits, and the National Pension Scheme (NPS). Each option has its pros and cons, and the choice depends on your investment objectives, risk appetite, and retirement goals.

5. Consider Tax Implications

Retirement planning is not just about building a corpus; it’s also about minimizing tax liabilities. Certain investment options, such as the NPS, offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Make sure you understand the tax implications of your investment choices.

6. Monitor Your Investments

Retirement planning is a long-term process, and it’s essential to monitor your investments regularly. Review your portfolio periodically and make changes as necessary. This approach ensures that you stay on track to meet your retirement goals.

7. Plan for Healthcare Costs

As you age, healthcare costs tend to increase, and it’s essential to plan for these expenses. Consider investing in a health insurance policy that covers critical illnesses and hospitalization expenses. You may also want to set aside a separate corpus for healthcare costs in retirement.

8. Consider Post-Retirement Income Sources

Retirement planning is not just about building a corpus; it’s also about ensuring a regular income stream in retirement. Consider setting up a post-retirement income source, such as rental income from a property or income from a business that you can continue to run in retirement.

9. Factor in Inflation

Inflation can erode the value of your retirement corpus over time. It’s essential to factor in inflation while planning for retirement and ensure that your corpus grows at a rate that beats inflation. Consider investing in instruments that offer inflation-beating returns.

10. Pay Off Debts

Carrying debt into retirement can be a significant financial burden. Consider paying off high-interest debts, such as credit card debt and personal loans, before you retire. This approach can help you reduce your monthly expenses in retirement and give you greater financial freedom.

11. Create a Contingency Fund

Unexpected expenses can arise at any time, and it’s essential to have a contingency fund to meet these expenses. Consider setting aside a portion of your income every month in a contingency fund that you can dip into in case of emergencies. This approach can help you avoid tapping into your retirement corpus for unforeseen expenses.


Retirement planning is essential for self-employed individuals. With the right approach and mindset, you can build a substantial retirement corpus and enjoy a comfortable retirement.

But, it can be complex too, and it’s often a good idea to seek professional help. A financial planner can help you create a retirement plan that’s tailored to your needs and goals. They can also help you navigate the various investment options and tax implications.

These tips are brought to you by the financial planners at HappyWise Financial Services.

Connect with our expert financial planners today through Email or through Whatsapp and start building a brighter retirement future.

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